CBD & Medicinal Hemp

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What is CBD?

CBD is cannabidiol, the most prominent naturally-occurring cannabinoid component found in hemp, which comprises up to 40% of the plant. According to the US Government, cannabidiol is “a cannabinoid devoid of psychoactive effect.” After THC (9-tetrahydrocannabinol), the cannabinoid producing psychoactive effects, CBD is by far the most studied natural cannabinoid, is increasingly the subject of advanced medical research and may be the single most important cannabinoid ever discovered. Although all CBD extractions will contain some THC, our CBD hemp plants are selected, cultivated and processed to minimize THC content to trace amounts within regulatory limitations and are devoid of psychoactive effects.

CBD, or cannabidiol, occurs in many hemp strains, often at low levels less than 1% in most commercial hemp plants, especially in imported hemp and hemp oils.  However, CBD can also be the dominant cannabinoid, as high as 15% or more by weight in medical hemp plants. At least 123 cannabinoids and 120 terpenoids are found in medicinal hemp (less than 0.3% THC cannabis). Up to 30% of hemp flower can be cannabinoids.  

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What are cannabinoids?

There are over 480 natural components found within the Cannabis sativa plant, of which 66 have been classified as “cannabinoids;” chemicals unique to the plant. The cannabinoids are separated into subclasses as follows:

  • Cannabigerols (CBG)
  • Cannabichromenes (CBC)
  • Cannabidiols (CBD)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinols (THC)
  • Cannabinol (CBN) and cannabinodiol (CBDL)
  • Other cannabinoids (such as cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), cannabitriol (CBT) and other miscellaneous types)

 

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What are CBC, CBG and the other compounds derived from hemp?

CBC, CBG and more than 60 others, are in a class of compounds known as cannabinoids, found in abundance in the hemp plant. Such cannabinoids have important therapeutic benefits presently in use and are the subject of medical research. Among the most prevalent hemp cannabinoids are Cannabigerol-types (CBG), Cannabidiol-types (CBD), Cannabidiolvarin (CBDV), Cannabichromene-types (CBC), Cannabichromenevarin (CBCV), Cannabicyclol-types (CBL), Cannabitriol-type (CBT), Cannabinol (CBN), Cannabielsoin-types (CBE), and others. The most prevalent hemp terpenoids are myrcene, alpha-pinene, alpha-terpinolene, trans-caryophyllene, and alpha-humulene.

Cannabichromene or (CBC) is a rare, non-psychoactive cannabinoid, usually found at low levels (<1%) when present.

Cannabigerol or (CBG) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. It is commonly found in hemp. CBG-acid is the precursor to CBD-acid in the plant and is usually found at low levels, below 1%, when present.

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How is hemp different from marijuana? Why grow hemp and not marijuana for CBD?

Although both are Cannabis sativa plants, the level of TCH and other compounds differs. Marijuana has been bred to achieve high levels of THC for its psychoactive (high) effects. Hemp grown for medical use is cultivated and processed to insure that the plant and extracted CBD and cannabinoid oils have the lowest possible level of THC such that there are no psychoactive effects from any use of the plant, the  CBD oil or any other oils and substances extracted from it. By law,  hemp grown in Colorado can have only trace THC levels and must be tested to prove such levels are below the state and federal limit of 0.3%.  Additionally, our variety of medical hemp is exceptionally rich in CBD and other cannabinoids and can be grown with more consistent quality and CBD yield than other common strains. 

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Are CBD and THC the same thing?

No, they are different compounds. CBD and THC are both cannabinoids, but THC produces psychoactive effects causing a drugged symptom known as a ” high”. CBD, although it may contain trace amounts of THC, idoes not produce psychoactive effects and has been shown to negate the psychoactive effects of THC.

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Can I get high from CBD and other cannabinoid products?

No. Marijuana has been bred to achieve high levels of THC that produce psychoactive effects, however, there is only a trace amount of THC present in our plants . Hemp grown for medical use is bred to insure that extracted oils have the lowest possible level of THC. In fact, hemp that can be legally  grown in Colorado has only trace levels and must test to have THC levels below 0.3%. There are no psychoactive effects resulting from the use of our medical hemp plants.  

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Is standard hemp seed oil the same as high CBD content CBD oil?

Absolutely not. Standard hemp seed oil found in grocery and health food stores is extracted by cold pressing only the seeds of the plant. Although hemp seed oil is a nutritional food and may be useful  for certain ailments, it does not contain hemp CBD oil.  It is only the high CBD and high cannabinoid content oil extracted only  from the complete, whole plant  plant that is desirable and which research is claiming  effective for various therapeutic applications.

CBD & Health

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How does CBD work?

Humans and animals naturally produce cannabinoids that are involved in a variety of physiological processes including those affecting: appetite, muscle cell learning, nerve signal pathways (synapses) including pain sensation, mood and memory, as well as many other processes. Cannabinoids bind to and are absorbed by two forms of  receptors, CB1 and CB2, throughout the body. These receptors modulate the brain, the entire nervous system and all major organs. Certain cannabinoids bind to either the CB1 or CB2 receptors. However, CBD is unique as it binds to both of these receptors providing clinical benefits. Research indicates that increased reception of CBD stimulates the body to increase cannabinoid production levels, which inhibits their digestive breakdown, thus increasing the levels of cannabinoids in the endocannabinoid system.

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What is the endocannabinoid system?

The endocannabinoid system controls many metabolic systems throughout the body by processing cannabinoids, which already naturally occur in the human body. Cannabinoid receptors exist throughout the nervous system, the brain and the immune system. By a complicated chemical process, cannabinoids stimulate neural impulses.

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Can I get high from CBD and other cannabinoid products?

No. Marijuana has been bred to achieve high levels of THC that produce psychoactive effects, however, there is only a trace amount of THC present in our hemp plants. Hemp grown for medical use is bred to insure that the extracted oils have high CBD and the other cannabinoids but  the lowest possible level of THC. By law,  hemp grown in Colorado may have  only trace levels and must test to have THC levels below 0.3%. There are no psychoactive effects resulting from the use of our plants.  

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What is the safety of your CBD and other cannabinoid oils? Are there negative side effects?

Any substance applied externally or ingested into the human body may effect individuals in different ways. Cannabidiol (CBD), and other phytochemical constituents of hemp are considered to be generally safe and we are not aware of any reports of adverse effects. However, as with any therapeutic, cosmetic, or food product, at the first sign of a reaction or discomfort, use should be discontinued until consultation with your doctor.

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Do I need a prescription or medical card to buy CBD?

Not for products containing CBD oil extracted from hemp plants having the legal, low-level trace amount of the psychoactive compound THC. Such products are considered food supplements by the FDA. However, any CBD oil or any other substance containing higher psychoactive THC levels in order to be effective for relief from pain, nausea or similar uses are only available by prescription or require a state medical card for purchase in states where legal.